AL-Furat AL-Awsat Technical University Digital Repository

AL-Furat AL-Awsat Technical University Digital Repository (ATUDR) is designed to store, index, and share the university research output in a single place. ATUDR provides researchers, students, and librarians with access to journals published by ATU, publications by ATU staff (journal articles, conference papers, book chapters), dissertations and thesis, and patents.

ATUDR aims to provide full text open access for as many publications as possible, whether published by ATU or other publishers. Staff publications that are not open access are indexed in ATUDR providing their metadata, stats, author(s) contacts, and URLs.

المستودع الرقمي لجامعة الفرات الأوسط التقنية

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A new Internet of Things based optimization scheme of residential demand side management system scopus

  • Alhasnawi B.N.
  • Jasim B.H.
  • Mansoor R.
  • Alhasnawi A.N.
  • Rahman Z.-A.S.A.
  • Haes Alhelou H.
  • Guerrero J.M.
  • Dakhil A.M.
  • Siano P.

Abstract

The steady increase in the energy demand and the growing carbon footprint has forced electricity-based utilities to shift from their use of non-renewable energy sources to renewable energy sources. Furthermore, there has been an increase in the integration of renewable energy sources in the electric grid. Hence, one needs to manage the energy consumption needs of the consumers, more effectively. Consumers can connect all the devices and houses to the internet by using Internet of Things (IoT) technology. In this study, the researchers have developed and proposed a novel 2-stage hybrid method that schedules the power consumption of the houses possessing a distributed energy generation and storage system. Stage 1 modeled the non-identical Home Energy Management Systems (HEMSs) that can contain the DGS like WT and PV. The HEMS organise the controllable appliances after taking into consideration the user preferences, electricity prices and the amount of energy produced /stored. The set of optimal consumption schedules for every HEMS was estimated using a BPSO and BSA. On the other hand, Stage 2 includes a Multi-Agent-System (MAS) based on the IoT. The system comprises two portions: software and hardware. The hardware comprises the Base Station Unit (BSU) and many Terminal Units (TUs). © 2022 The Authors. IET Renewable Power Generation published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Institution of Engineering and Technology.
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Enhancement of the Shear-flexural Strength of the Rubberized Concrete Prism Beam by External Reinforcement scopus

  • Mohammed T.J.
  • Breesem K.M.

Abstract

It has become necessary to use damaged tires from various vehicles to produce rubberized concrete structures as a good solution to treat environmental pollution and reduce the total cost of construction. In general, concrete structures, for many reasons, may need to be strengthened. Recently, fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets have been used to reinforce existing concrete structural elements that were deficient. FRP is an effective solution and is moderately common for strengthening and improving the properties of the structural element. Firstly, concrete mixes were poured with replaced sand, with the percentages varying from 0, 10, 20, and 30%. Thus, some mechanical properties in terms of the workability of concrete, compressive strength, tensile strength, and density of recycled concrete were studied using rubber from tires as an alternative to fine aggregate. Secondly, concrete prisms were poured with different proportions of rubber instead of sand. Twelve rubberized concrete prisms measure 100 mm x 100 mm x 600 mm. Then, the effect of fiber reinforced polymer with different forms on concrete prisms was investigated. The results revealed a decrease in the workability, density, and compressive strength of the rubber concrete samples with an increase in the proportions of replaced sand with rubber content. It is also observed that FRP improves the strength, stiffness, and ductility of all concrete prism beams with a different ratio of recycled rubber. In addition, the test results clearly show that the strengthening by width sheets of FPR behaved more favorably than the thin sheets having the same cross-section. © 2022 Materials and Energy Research Center. All rights reserved.
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Fire Spread Monitoring System of A Forest Based on Interpolation and Cloud Computing scopus

  • Abdulsada H.F.
  • Al-Hamiri M.G.
  • Abdul-Rahaim L.A.
  • Al-Asady H.A.-J.

Abstract

In the developed world, it is necessary to save the natural environments. A lot of incidents of human-made and natural catastrophes were occurring around the world. Forest fires are one of these environment disasters. The goal of this research is to construct and develop a cloud system which can detect the exact location of a forest fire and the spreading speed and direction of the fire. The location and direction of fire can be directly monitored on Google Maps application. An interpolation algorithm has been suggested to determine the time required for the fire an known point location on the forest. This will give the possibility to intervene and prevent the spreading of the fire significantly. The system utilizes Node Micro Controller Unit, Infrared flame detection sensors modules, Global Positioning System module with each sensor to provide the exact location for each to reach fire detected sensor. The proposed system gave accurate results and a high response speed, where the forest supervisor could monitor the fire continuously through a webpage which is connected to Google Maps. The interpolation algorithm was a suitable to determine the time for the fire to reach a certain point or a specific sensor at the forest. © 2022 IEEE.
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Solar Reactor Review scopus

  • Abbas S.A.
  • Eidan A.A.
  • Al Sahlani A.

Abstract

This research paper presents a detailed review of the recent advances concerned with carrying out efficient solar chemical reactions by reviewing the most recent reactors available in the literature that use solid-gas reactions or pyrolysis processes. Major research groups in solar chemistry design and manufacture a wide range of solar reactor configurations, widths, and sizes, including directly radioactive particles. Solar reactors heat up to 1000°C and can be utilized to store chemical thermal energy in concentrated solar power facilities (CSP). Reactor efficiency is better in bed reactors notably in rotating pyrolysis, fluidized bed reactors with solid gas, and fixed-bed reactor systems. Finally, their description, schematics, and key performance parameters are presented for chemical reactions. © 2022 International Information and Engineering Technology Association. All rights reserved.
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Soft Edge Detection by Mamdani Fuzzy Inference of Color Image scopus

  • Khudhair K.T.
  • Kadhim O.N.
  • Najjar F.H.
  • Abedi F.
  • Jamaluddin A.N.
  • Al-Kharsan I.H.

Abstract

One of the most common image operation analyses is the edge detection technique. Edge detection is used for shaping the edge of an image. Also, it is used for enhancing images. This paper presents a new approach to detecting the edge of color image using the Mamdani fuzzy inference classifier based on the Fuzzy Set Membership Function (FSMF). Here, Gaussian Curve Membership Function (GCMF) is used as a FSMF. GCMF is used for each class to assign that class to each pixel. In this approach, two windows/filters are used in size (1x2) and (2x1). Several standard color images are used to test our proposed algorithm (City, Jelly_cc11, Baboon, Lena, and Peppers). In order to parametric evaluation of selected images, Peak Signal Noise Ratio (PSNR) and Mean Square Error (MSE) are considered. However, the performance of our proposed algorithm compared with other well-known approaches (Canny, Prewitt, and Sobel) is somehow very similar but significantly faster. © 2022 IEEE.
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Circular Polarized Patch Antenna Minimization for 5 GHz Applications Based on Genetics Algorithm scopus

  • Ahmed A.S.
  • Kadhim Y.J.
  • Abedi F.
  • Almaameri I.M.

Histogram Features Extraction for Edge Detection Approach scopus

  • Najjar F.H.
  • Khudhair K.T.
  • Khaleq A.H.A.
  • Kadhim O.N.
  • Abedi F.
  • Al-Kharsan I.H.

Development of a Wireless Electromyography System scopus

  • Nemah M.N.
  • Hatem G.M.
  • Abedi F.
  • Jamaluddin A.N.
  • Abosinnee A.S.

Comparison of Bit Error Rate and Performance Analysis for Multicode CDMA Techniques in Fading and AWGN Channels scopus

  • Abdulsada H.F.
  • Mohammed S.J.

Optimal Material Selection for Manufacturing Prosthetic Foot scopus

  • Kadhim F.M.
  • Hasan S.F.
  • Sadiq S.E.

Abstract

The foot is an essential part of the components of the prosthesis. Therefore, the selected materials’ mechanical properties, cost, and weight must be considered when manufacturing the prosthetic foot. This study studied the mechanical properties of selected materials used for prosthetic feet. The material chosen is Carbon Fiber, Glass fiber, and hybrid composite material. This study aims to simulate chosen materials to find the optimal material selection for manufacturing prosthetic feet by assuming boundary conditions, reaction forces, design consideration, and application. The simulation was done by the finite element analysis ANSYS-14.5 program. The result of the force plate test shows the ground reaction force equal to 750N at heel strike,700N at mid-stance, and 650N at the toe-off stage. The finite element result shows the maximum Von-Misses stress equal to 119MPa at the toe-off stage, and the hybrid composite material has the maximum safety factor. Furthermore, the results showed that the mechanical properties of the hybrid composite materials are the best, as the yield stress is 560MPa, the ultimate stress is 678MPa, and the modulus of elasticity is 6.2GPa. The result shows that the Hybrid composite material has excellent improvement in mechanical properties such as lightweight, stiffness, high mechanical properties, and cost-efficiency. Hence by considering the body weight of the amputee, gait cycle, and analyzing the material properties, the hybrid composite material is the best suitable should be selected to manufacture foot prostheses. © Universiti Putra Malaysia Press.
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Al-Furat Journal of Innovation in Electronic and Computer Engineering

ISSN 2708-3985 is international, open access, interdisciplinary, qua ... visit link


Al-Furat Journal of Innovation in Health and Medical Science (FJIHMS)

(FJIHMS) is a peer-reviewed, double-blinded international scientific journal published by Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University (ATU)/the Republic of Iraq. The journal publishes original and high-qu ... visit link


Al-Furat Journal of Innovation in Mechanical and Sustainable Energy Engineering

ISSN "2710-3374", is open access, peer-reviewed, double-blinded international scientific journal published by Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University (ATU)/Republic of Ir ... visit link


Al-Furat Journal of Innovations in Management Sciences

is open access, peer-reviewed, double-blinded international scientific journal published by Al -Furat Al -Awsat Technical University (ATU), visit link


Al-Furat Journal of Innovations in Agricultural Sciences

ISSN:2789-6773 is open access, peer-reviewed, double-blinded international scientific journal published by Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University (ATU)/Republic of Iraq. The journal quarterly pub ... visit link